international law india

The effects of international law on the domestic legal order on various countries of the World are manifold. In countries which follow „monist? school, international treaties can be invoked before or applied by the judiciary. These are so-called self-executing treaties. On the other hand, countries like India follow the „dualist? school of law in respect of implementation of international law at domestic level. Therefore, in India, International treaties do not automatically form part of national law. They must, where appropriate, be incorporated into the legal system by a legislation made by the Parliament.
Indian Judiciary, though not empowered to make legislations, is free to interpret India?s obligations under international law into the municipal laws of the country in pronouncing its decision in a case concerning issues of international law. In this respect, the Indian judiciary has played a proactive role in implementing India?s international obligations under International treaties, especially in the field of human rights and environmental law. This paper examines the role of Indian judiciary in the implementation of International law in India in the context of relevant constitutional provisions.

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